Dynasty : Eastern Ganga, Orrisa
Period : Late Medieval 1200 CE
Material : Stone
Location : National Museum
Current Location : National Museum
Sambara is a Buddhist Tantric God and is the King of knowledge having conquered the three worlds, one of the five kings of knowledge of Buddhism. His mission is to protect the eastern part of the world. In general, the three worlds represent the world of desire, the world of form and the formless world; some interpret this king of knowledge is called so because he wants to defeat the supreme leader of the three worlds, Mahesvara (Shiva); The most logical explanation reveals that the three worlds denote the three poisons: greed, hatred and ignorance, three trends that humans cannot conquer during the past, present and future that the king hoped to help people eliminate. Rectangular slab carved in high relief in grey mottled stone, showing three-headed Trilokyavijaya standing in alidha pose over the recumbent bodies of Siva and Parvati, on a double lotus pedestal. The skin of the elephant is spread out at the back. Two of the hands, each holding a vajra, are clasped in front. He wears a mundamala and other ornaments. Various attributes are held in his hands. Two gandharvas are depicted at the upper corners. A floral scroll and two kneeling devotees are seen on the base in the front.