Buddha images and buddhist priest
Dynasty : Pala, Eastern India
Period : Late Medieval 1000 CE
Material : Stone
Location : National Museum
Current Location : National Museum
Buddha was born in Lumbini, in Nepal. The Buddhists believe that all gods emanated from one or the other of the Dhyani Buddhas, popularly known as the divine Buddhas.the Dhyani Buddhas are a peculiar kind of Buddhas who are not required to pass through the stage of a bodhisattva; they were never anything less than a Buddha. They are always engaged in peaceful meditation, and they voluntarily restrain themselves from creation. To create is the duty of their emanations, the divine bodhisattvas. Pala dynasty, ruling in Bihar and Bengal, India, from the 8th to the 12th century. Its founder, Gopala, was a local chieftain who rose to power in the mid-8th century during a period of anarchy. His successor, Dharmapala (reigned c. 770–810), greatly expanded the kingdom and for a while was in control of Kannauj. The Palas were supporters of Buddhism, and it was through missionaries from their kingdom that Buddhism was finally established in Tibet. Under Pala patronage a distinctive school of art arose, of which many noteworthy sculptures in stone and metal survive. Panel carved in relief showing a row of Dhyani Buddhas (meditating Buddha) at the top. In the lower panel, from left to right, are seen Vajrasattva Ghantapani seated cross-legged, purnaghata with foliage, lotus plants, a full-vase, and two kneeling female devotees, one with hands in anjalimudra and the other carrying offerings. An inscription is seen at the band separating the two panels.